For all following commands it is assumed that the user is logged in as
admin or another user with root privileges.
OPKG is the packet manager on NI Linux RT (https://wiki.openwrt.org/doc/techref/opkg). With OPKG it's possible to install a lot of software from the Linux ecosystem. If the system has connection to the Internet, the packet manager downloads all necessary packages and dependencies.
Downloadsite of the official NI package feeds: http://download.ni.com/ni-linux-rt/feeds/
The configuration of the OPKG package manager is in
Install the text editor nano:
$ opkg install nano $
Remove a package:
$ opkg remove nano $
List all available packages:
$ opkg list $
List all installed packages:
$ opkg list-installed $
Check if a package is available:
$ opkg list | grep python $
If a device has no internet connection,
opkg can't check the online repository for packages and can't download files. Nevertheless it's possible to install new packages. Requirement is a second device with with the same version of NI Linux RT. On this device one can download the necessary packages, copy them to the target device and install it there. The problem with this procedure is, that
opkg can't determine the dependencies for the package. Therefore it's necessary to check the dependencies of the package, check wich of these dependencies are installed on the target and download all missing packages manually (and hopefully don't end in the dependency hell).
Alternatively you can download the package files direct from the NI RTLinux feed at http://download.ni.com/ni-linux-rt/feeds/.
Check dependencies on online-target:
$ opkg info ghostscript Package: ghostscript Version: 9.15-r1.16 Depends: libtiff5 (>= 4.0.3), libc6 (>= 2.21), libcups2 (>= 2.0.2), libcupsimage2 (>= 2.0.2), libfontconfig1 (>= 2.11.1) Status: install user installed Section: console/utils Architecture: core2-64 Maintainer: NI Linux Real-Time Maintainers <email@example.com> MD5Sum: 827b7ccf7610d3dc53de6f471a673dbb Size: 21366174 Filename: ghostscript_9.15-r1.16_core2-64.ipk Source: http://downloads.ghostscript.com/public/ghostscript-9.15.tar.gz file://ghostscript-9.02-prevent_recompiling.patch file://ghostscript-9.02-genarch.patch file://objarch.h file://ghostscript-9.02-parallel-make.patch file://cups-no-gcrypt.patch file://ghostscript-9.15-parallel-make.patch Description: The GPL Ghostscript PostScript/PDF interpreter Ghostscript is used for PostScript/PDF preview and printing. Usually as a back-end to a program such as ghostview, it can display PostScript and PDF documents in an X11 environment. Furthermore, it can render PostScript and PDF files as graphics to be printed on non-PostScript printers. Supported printers include common dot-matrix, inkjet and laser models.
Dependencies for this package:
libtiff5 (>= 4.0.3), libc6 (>= 2.21), libcups2 (>= 2.0.2), libcupsimage2 (>= 2.0.2), libfontconfig1 (>= 2.11.1)
Check the offline-target for installed dependencies:
$ opkg list-installed libtiff5 $ opkg list-installed libc6 libc6 - 2.21-r0.239 $ opkg list-installed libcups2 $ opkg list-installed libcupsimage2 $ opkg list-installed libfontconfig1 libfontconfig1 - 2.11.1-r0.172
Now we see just two of five packages are installed. We need to download and install the rest manually.
$ mkdir packages $ cd packages $ opkg download ghostscript Downloading http://download.ni.com/ni-linux-rt/feeds/2016/x64/ipk/core2-64/ghostscript_9.15-r1.16_core2-64.ipk. Downloaded ghostscript as ghostscript_9.15-r1.16_core2-64.ipk. $ opkg download libtiff5 Downloading http://download.ni.com/ni-linux-rt/feeds/2016/x64/ipk/core2-64/libtiff5_4.0.3-r0.46_core2-64.ipk. Downloaded libtiff5 as libtiff5_4.0.3-r0.46_core2-64.ipk. ...
Copy the packages per USB or somehow else to the offline-target.
$ cd packages $ ls -lah total 21344 drwxr-xr-x 2 admin administ 4.0K Jul 6 12:55 . drwxr-xr-x 4 admin administ 4.0K Jul 6 12:55 .. -rw-r--r-- 1 admin administ 20.4M Jul 6 12:55 ghostscript_9.15-r1.16_core2-64.ipk -rw-r--r-- 1 admin administ 206.0K Jul 6 12:55 libcups2_2.0.2-r0.17_core2-64.ipk -rw-r--r-- 1 admin administ 14.4K Jul 6 12:55 libcupsimage2_2.0.2-r0.17_core2-64.ipk -rw-r--r-- 1 admin administ 76.9K Jul 6 12:55 liblzma5_5.2.0-r0.155_core2-64.ipk -rw-r--r-- 1 admin administ 161.7K Jul 6 12:55 libtiff5_4.0.3-r0.46_core2-64.ipk $opkg install libcups2_2.0.2-r0.17_core2-64.ipk Installing libcups2 (2.0.2-r0.17) on root. Configuring libcups2. ...
It's possible that one of the downloaded packages itself has dependencies that are not installed. In this case you have to go back to the online-target, download it and install it on the offline-target.
After all, you can remove the manually copied packages.